GxP guidelines make certain that pharmaceuticals and other products are safe and can be easily traced through the development and supply chain. However, to scale to meet their customer demand, the company needed to ensure its platform was easy to deploy and manage. The number of resources and amount of time required to effectively support this is daunting. Additionally, the organization takes advantage of AWS CloudFormation templates to automate the provisioning of environments and create them in a standardized way to align with GxP requirements.
A more formal definition is "the interdisciplinary study of the design, uses and consequences of information technologies that takes into account their interaction with institutional and cultural contexts.
Social informatics has been a subject of systematic analytical and critical research for the last 25 years. This body of research has developed theories and findings that are pertinent to understanding the design, development, and operation of usable information systems, including intranets, electronic forums, digital libraries and electronic journals.
Unfortunately, social informatics studies are scattered in the journals of several different fields, including computer science, information systems, information science and some social sciences.
Each of these fields uses somewhat different nomenclature. This diversity of communication outlets and specialized terminologies makes it hard for many non-specialists and even specialists to locate important studies.
It was one impetus for coining a new term -- social informatics -- to help make these ideas accessible to non-specialists, as well as to strengthen communication among specialists, and to strengthen the dialogs between communities of designers and social analysts.
This article discusses some key ideas from social informatics research and ends with a brief discussion of the character of the field today. Readers who wish to understand social informatics by learning about its origins and influences may wish to start in that later section and then return to the beginning for a more substantive focus.
This article serves as a brief introduction to social informatics for information technology professionals and researchers, and includes numerous references to help interested readers readily locate more comprehensive resources. In the January issue, journalist George Gilder wrote about the way that computing power has increased a hundred millionfold since the s.
Computer scientist Danny Hillis wrote about the ways that computerization is leading to a transformation of a new civilization in a few paragraphs and with high spirits. This kind of opinionated journalism is very readable.
Wired is colorful, both in its prose as well as its typography, and it lends itself to new sound bites. Wired exemplifies the magazines that offer energetic prose, but information technology pundits, such as Esther Dyson, communicate in many other forums as well, such as their own books and conference talks.
Pundits play interesting social roles. The best pundits are entertaining, provocative and timely. If an issue arises this week, they can rapidly formulate an articulate opinion, and perhaps even a sound bite.
In simplifying, they often oversimplify and polarize issues. Unfortunately, the typical pundit relies upon anecdotes and bold assertions, rather than using them as entry points for analysis. Professionals are sometimes involved in very prosaic work in designing information systems, selecting and configuring equipment and developing policies and practices about the use of the resulting systems i.
The details of this development work differs substantially for systems as varied as claims management for an insurance company, a litigation support system for a law firm, and a public-access on-line library of self-help medical bulletins supported by a public health agency.
However, social informatics researchers have developed some fundamental ideas that can help improve professional practice and that pertain to a diverse array of information systems. The design and configuration of information systems that work well for people and help support their work, rather than make it more complicated, is a subtle craft.
Good application design ideas are neither obvious nor effective when they are based on technological considerations alone. Their formulation requires understanding how people work and what kind of organizational practices obtain. However, many managers and professionals often advance simple criteria to help guide computerization strategies, such as: These kinds of context-free guidelines have not been good enough to help information technology professionals design or implement effective systems.
Their limitations will be illustrated by the examples that I develop in the following sections. Before I launch into a discussion of some interesting ideas from social informatics research, I will discuss one important phenomenon that helps sets the stage for the importance of social informatics for information technology professionals -- "the productivity paradox.
As the costs of acquiring computers rapidly declined, many North American organizations, public and private, increased their investments in computerized systems. In the late s, U. Economists noticed that national statistics for labor productivity were not steadily increasing, and some managers noticed that large investments in PCs did not seem to translate into major productivity boosts.
Since the late s, the U.
A set of stories from Business Week illustrates the conflicting themes in the business press. Computers do not enhance productivity very much.
Many believed that technological innovation was a major factor in national productivity and assumed that investments in information technology would be reflected in national statistics when the cumulative capital stock of computer systems was large enough, they would result in improved productivity statistics.
Some economists coined the term "productivity paradox", after Nobel laureate economist Robert Solow wrote, "You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics. Economists were divided in their explanations of the productivity paradox. Some believed that their ways of measuring productivity were inadequate; others argued that the capital stock of information technology was still too small to have meaningful consequences in national economic statistics; and still others argued that lag effects were being underestimated.The official journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.
Publishes peer-reviewed research for biomedical and health informatics. Coverage includes. A social networking service (also social networking site, or SNS or social media) is an online platform which people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections..
Health care information systems tend to capture data for nursing tasks, and have little basis in nursing knowledge. Opportunity lies in an important issue where the knowledge used by expert nurses (nursing knowledge workers) in caring for patients is undervalued in the health care system. As accountable care organizations and multi-sector groups seek to identify the causes of poor health in their communities, they are starting to develop social determinants of health (SDoH) screening tools within their EHRs to combine with clinical registry data. Friday July 7 GMT - Monday July 10 GMT: Payment facilities will be unavailable on Taylor & Francis Online during this period due to scheduled maintenance. a discussion of trends and future directions. International Journal of Nursing Studies ;48 What is .
Social networking services vary in format and the number of features. They can incorporate a range of new. The Human Connectome Project.
Navigate the brain in a way that was never before possible; fly through major brain pathways, compare essential circuits, zoom into a region to explore the cells that comprise it, and the functions that depend on it.
The flagship public institution of higher learning in the state, the University of North Dakota offers an online social work degree in the form of a bachelor of science in social work.
This degree track prepares students for initial licensure in the field. Before I launch into a discussion of some interesting ideas from social informatics research, I will discuss one important phenomenon that helps sets the stage for the importance of social informatics for information technology professionals -- "the productivity paradox.".
discussion Importance of Theory in Nursing For many students enrolled in NR, this is an initial social determinants of health. Healthcare policy practice issues – environmental health, healthy nurse initiative, childhood obesity. Nursing informatics practice issues – ergonomics, project management, staff development Week 7 discussion.