During their wanderings, ancient Jewry happened upon some of the most abominable practices of the pagan world, including child-sacrifice. For those who had seen the dark side of polytheism and yet knew of a brighter truth, nothing could have been as repulsive as cultures of idol worship. One would think there was little danger of Jewry being drawn into pagan rituals.
Hoover, Church of the BrethrenCarolyn K. Their first project was the creation and publication in of Television Awareness Training, a week adult education course for use in local churches and community groups. For an analysis of what happened to TAT and its influence to the present day, check the links at the end of the article.
The following introduction to the page TAT Workbook stands even now as a thoughtful reflection on the values and changes — both positive and negative — that television has brought into our lives.
New Awareness, New Decisions, New Action Because television means so many different things to so many different people, there is no way to study it or write about it that is not controversial.
Viewing is a very personal experience, and it generates very personal opinions. Even though TV is a mass medium, where 90 million people simultaneously watch a presidential debate, each of us sees and hears different messages because we bring our own experiences, feelings and perceptions to the event.
We would miss it terribly if it vanished. Where else would I find so conveniently packaged the latest news, entertainment, sports, a way of occupying children, laughter, a needed escape, a way of learning about people and places I will never visit any other way, and those sudden poignant insights that come from drama and from exciting people talking about exciting ideas?
Yet, many of us are ambivalent about TV. We have nagging doubts. Do I watch too much? Does my time with TV rob me of time better spent in close and direct personal relationships? What kind of message am I accumulating about the world, other people, myself? Is TV changing how I think and behave?
Is it making me passive, making me fearful of real life? It would be something of a miracle if most of us were not confused about our relationship to television. We are constantly handicapped by the instant nature of TV.
We have little opportunity to know in advance what a program is going to be like, what values it will suggest, how appropriate it will be for children, how appropriate to our own tastes.
We are handicapped, too, because television is such a taken-for-granted presence. It happens to us. We do not prepare for it. Few of us ever make deliberate, intentional plans for how we will use this phenomenal communications medium.
In a little more than twenty years, television has grown from a novelty to an incredibly pervasive part of our lives. Ninety-eight percent of American households own a working set. Almost half have more than one. Millions of us were born into and grew up with TV.
It is estimated that the average American youth, at the time of high school graduation, has spent 50 percent more time watching TV than he or she has spent in the classroom. Some people question making a sharp distinction between the classroom and TV. More and more, television is being seen as a massive educational system in itself, one that operates practically 24 hours a day.
It is for all ages and there are no holidays and little truancy. It constantly models for us how people behave and solve problems in an incredible variety of situations. That TV has the power to influence us seems clear.
Advertisers pay some six billion dollars a year to get their product messages to us, because the medium has proven that it can influence our purchases. Television has become a window on the world and many of us do seem to decide what the world is like because of what is on the screen.
Often, that TV window is our only exposure to some situations and ideas. I may decide, without it necessarily being a conscious decision, what certain groups of people are like as a result of how they are presented.Nelson Price served as president of the Media Action Research Center, Inc, from to MARC researched effects of violence on children, produced pro-social public service announcements for children, developed Television Awareness Training, a major education program on the effects of television on children, adults and society.
Prerequisite: For Radio-Television-Film majors, upper-division standing, Radio-Television-Film and with a grade of at least B-, and six additional hours of coursework in Radio-Television-Film; for non-majors, upper-division standing.
Television's Positive Effects on Society According to Marie Winn and her essay “The Plug-In Drug,” television has various negative effects on our society today. In her essay Winn explores the ways in which television has harmfully caused disruptions with the quality of family life, rituals, and values.
For instance, watching six hours of television every night, stopping only to eat and sleep does not promote and active lifestyle, however, on the other end of the spectrum, never watching any.
Indeed, children see one hour of commercials for every five hours of programs they watch on commercial television.(54) This means that during calendar year , when the average U.S.
child watched television 25 hours a week,(55) he spent full hours (or the equivalent of weeks of hour-per-week shifts) just watching commercials. Allow me to share highlights of some alarming findings from research studies conducted over the past eight to ten years on the effects of television when watched more than two hours a day without the careful selection of programs.