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Harry Truman and Civil Rights Citation: The History Learning Site, 27 Mar However, some very important civil rights issues were covered in his presidency. These were major achievements in the history of the civil rights cause. So why did they take place during the presidency of Truman who was born in Missouri where racism was rampant and where Truman would have experienced racial practice and been part of it?
Truman was born in and it would have been natural for him to be a racist as it was part of southern culture then. He lived his early years in Independence, Missouri which was a city rife with racism.
Any elderly African Americans who lived in Independence had been slaves before and whereas the well-to-do whites of Independence lived in pleasant tree lined avenues, the African Americans lived in the hovels one associates with the treatment of African Americans at that time.
Such poverty and squalor lead to the African Americans there getting involved in crime if only to exist. But their involvement perpetuated the myth of Jim Crow — that these were untrustworthy, uncivilised people who did not deserve anything decent.
His first recollection of African Americans was a household servants within his family — and he did not come from a prosperous family. While he was dating his future wife Bess, she claimed that he told her that he felt that one person was as good as any other as long as they were not black.
Public office changed Truman. Or were his motives political? The African American population was big enough to have some political clout. Was he out to fish for their votes with his adoption of the civil rights cause? Truman and civil rights legislation: Before he became president, Truman show demonstrated that he had some civil rights credentials.
In his campaign to be re-elected senator for Missouri, he said the following in The majority of our Negro people find but cold comfort in our shanties and tenements.
Surely, as free men, they are entitled to something better than this. FDR died in office in and as the Constitution decrees, Truman took over the position of president without being elected to it.
To start with, Truman did nothing of importance to advance the cause of the African Americans. Why, if this man was so liberal for a Missouri man?
The answer is relatively simple. His country was involved in the final stages of the wars in Europe and the Far East. Some domestic issues had to take a back seat and civil rights was one. Also immediately after the end of the European war, Truman was faced with the greatest of dilemmas — do you use the atomic bomb or not?
In terms of time, to did not present Truman with many opportunities to advance the cause of civil rights — foreign policy dictated his agenda.
Inthe Fair Employment Practices FEPCwhich in theory tried to end racial discrimination with regards to the hiring of labour, was involved in a case against a Washington DC transportation company.
The FEPC had been set up by Roosevelt and it had been successful in a number of northern cities already. Truman could not even persuade Congress to finance the FEPC — but his time was occupied with world-wide issues and perhaps his mind was on more international issues than this one in Washington DC.
InTruman did establish a civil rights committee whose task was to examine violence against African Americans within America itself. This committee was filled with known liberals who Truman knew would produce a report that would and should shock mainstream America.
The report was issued in October The report wanted the federal government to use its authority to end segregation in America lynching to be made a federal offence the poll tax to be abolished voting rights introduced for African Americans which guaranteed their right to vote in elections free from threats of violence the FEPC to be made a permanent feature in America an end to discrimination in interstate travelan end to discrimination in the armed forces the powerful Justice Department in Washington to have a permanent Civil Rights section government financial backing for law suits taken by African Americans or others in favour of civil rights when heard in a federal court the creation of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.
These were revolutionary demands in a nation where the South had state laws that legally kept whites and African Americans apart. In the north and west, there were no state laws enforcing racial separation, but segregation was a fact of life anyway.The major impact on civil rights was made by the activists of the Civil Rights Movement.
They were the ones who really made the sacrifices and did the hard work to put civil rights on the national. Eisenhower backed the Civil Rights Act of and the Civil Rights Act of The former created a permanent Civil Rights Commission, as well as a Civil Rights Division within the Justice Department aimed at combating efforts to deny blacks the vote.
Home > History. Question: How far did the US Presidents hinder rather than help the development of African American civil rights in the period from ? History A2.
Answer: signifies the end to the American Civil War, leading African and Americans to believe that they were well on their way to gain equality throughout the USA..
They believed that they were on the journey to. President's Role in the Civil Rights Movement President Eisenhower President Eisenhower was in office from Eisenhower was first involved in the Civil Rights Movement in , where he had begun the process of desegregating the armed forces.
How far did US presidents hinder rather than help the development of African American civil rights in the period from ?
During the period to , there were as many as 18 presidents in office and in one way or another, they would’ve had to deal with the ongoing issue of black civil rights, whether that be improving them or reversing them.
was the year of the end of the. Essay Plan for the Question: "How far did US Presidents hinder rather than help the development of African Americans civil rights in the period – ".