Forms of financial support for enterprise

Production subsidy[ edit ] A production subsidy encourages suppliers to increase the output of a particular product by partially offsetting the production costs or losses. This type of subsidy is predominantly found in developed markets. This type of subsidies are most common in developing countries where governments subsidise such things as food, water, electricity and education on the basis that no matter how impoverished, all should be allowed those most basic requirements. Evidence from recent studies suggests that government expenditures on subsidies remain high in many countries, often amounting to several percentage points of GDP.

Forms of financial support for enterprise

Types of Financing Types of Financing Debt Financing — Commercial Bank LoansDebt financing does not give the lender ownership control, but the principal must be repaid with interest. Length of the loan, interest rates, security and other terms depend upon for what the loan is being used.

Loans for short periods days usually made to cover temporary or seasonal needs for inventory or personnel.

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These are common for established businesses, but may be hard for a new business to obtain. The key to getting a short-term loan is to always have an identified primary and secondary source of repayment. A short-term loan will probably be either a time loan or a line of credit, both with maturities of one year or less.

These types of loans often possess the following characteristics: Time loans are made for a specified period when there is an identified source of repayment that will be available within a specified period of time.

Prime candidates for these loans are seasonal businesses, with the source of repayment being the conversion of inventory to receivables and then into cash.

Lines of credit are annually renewable pre-approved vehicles allowing the borrower access to credit whenever needed within predetermined terms. The business owner can borrow and repay as the business cash flow dictates.

A line of credit is usually documented by a loan agreement, a contractual document that details the specific terms and covenants which must be observed. Self-liquidating purchases of inventory or the bridging of expenses pending the collection of accounts receivable are examples of uses for a line of credit.

Forms of financial support for enterprise

Medium to long term: These loans may be repaid over anywhere form 1 to 5 to even 20 years depending on how the funds are used. The source of repayment is the cashflow of the business. Typical uses are for equipment, fixed assets, etc. Most loans to start a small business will be of this type.

Often referred to as term loans or installment loans, these usually cost more than short-term credit. Working capital loans represent funding for all purposes that are not fixed assets or a line of credit. Examples could be general and administrative funds for expanding the business, a percentage of the purchase of permanent assets, the costs of building out leased space or for purchasing furniture, fixtures, or computer and automotive equipment.

Banks usually require percent as a down payment and will finance the balance for a period of three to seven years. Loans for equipment generally will be extended for a term consistent with the depreciable value of the assets.Quik!

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Forms of financial support for enterprise

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