Prathima Manohar — January 15, Posted in: High density essentially signifies a concentration of people and their activities.
Expertise[ edit ] Expertise characteristics, skills and knowledge of Researched argument topics person that is, expert or of a system, which distinguish experts from novices and less experienced people.
In many domains there are objective measures of performance capable of distinguishing experts from novices: The word expertise is used to refer also to Expert Determination, where an expert is invited to decide a disputed issue.
The decision may be binding or advisory, according to the agreement between the parties in dispute. Academic views[ edit ] There are two academic approaches to the understanding and study of expertise. The first understands expertise as an emergent property of communities of practice.
In this view expertise is socially constructed; tools for thinking and scripts for action are jointly constructed within social groups enabling that group jointly to define and acquire expertise in some domain.
In the second view expertise is a characteristic of individuals and is a consequence of the human capacity for extensive adaptation to physical and social environments. Many accounts of the development of expertise emphasize that it comes about through long periods of deliberate practice.
In many domains of expertise estimates of 10 years' experience  deliberate practice are common. Recent research on expertise emphasizes the nurture side of the nature and nurture argument.
This is based on the "expert blind spot hypothesis" researched by Mitchell Nathan and Andrew Petrosino Newly practicing educators with advanced subject-area expertise of an educational content area tend to use the formalities and analysis methods of their particular area of expertise as a major guiding factor of student instruction and knowledge development, rather than being guided by student learning and developmental needs that are prevalent among novice learners.
The blind spot metaphor refers to the physiological blind spot in human vision in which perceptions of surroundings and circumstances are strongly impacted by their expectations.
Beginning practicing educators tend to overlook the importance of novice levels of prior knowledge and other factors involved in adjusting and adapting pedagogy for learner understanding. Essential knowledge of subject matter for practicing educators consists of overlapping knowledge domains: Pedagogical content matter consists of an understanding of how to represent certain concepts in ways appropriate to the learner contexts, including abilities and interests.
By a similar token, a fear of experts can arise from fear of an intellectual elite's power.
In earlier periods of history, simply being able to read made one part of an intellectual elite. The introduction of the printing press in Europe during the fifteenth century and the diffusion of printed matter contributed to higher literacy rates and wider access to the once-rarefied knowledge of academia.
The subsequent spread of education and learning changed society, and initiated an era of widespread education whose elite would now instead be those who produced the written content itself for consumption, in education and all other spheres.
Plato's " Noble Lie ", concerns expertise. Plato did not believe most people were clever enough to look after their own and society's best interest, so the few clever people of the world needed to lead the rest of the flock. Therefore, the idea was born that only the elite should know the truth in its complete form and the rulers, Plato said, must tell the people of the city "the noble lie" to keep them passive and content, without the risk of upheaval and unrest.Sex and sexuality are hot topics.
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Before we delve into the structure of a term paper, let’s first define it and look into the objectives of this writing assignment. A term paper is a research paper required at the end of a school semester. It tracks and evaluates the students’ knowledge about the course.
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One of the hardest parts is deciding which topic to write about, but there are plenty of ideas available to get you started. An expert is someone who has a prolonged or intense experience through practice and education in a particular field.
Informally, an expert is someone widely recognized as a reliable source of technique or skill whose faculty for judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely is accorded authority and status by peers or the public in a specific well .
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