Visit Website The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events:
Naval blockade[ edit ] Britain used its large navy to prevent cargo vessels entering German ports, mainly by intercepting them in the North Sea between the coasts of Scotland and Norway. The wider sea approaches to Britain and France, their distance from German harbours and the smaller size of the German surface fleet all made it harder for Germany to reciprocate.
Instead, Germany used submarines to lie in wait for, and then sink, merchant ships heading for enemy ports. The United States insisted on maintaining the traditional rights of ships registered in neutral countries and protested strongly against American ships being intercepted or sunk: After several violations, Germany stopped this practice but in early she decided to resume unrestricted submarine warfare, in the hope that this would starve out the British before the Americans could make any effective military retaliation.
The strategy behind the blockade[ edit ] The British Royal Navy successfully stopped the shipment of most war supplies and food to Germany. The strangulation came about very slowly, because Germany and its allies controlled extensive farmlands and raw materials.
It was eventually successful because Germany and Austria-Hungary had decimated their agricultural production by taking so many farmers into their armies. ByGerman cities were on the verge of starvation; the front-line soldiers were on short rations and were running out of essential supplies.
We can bottle her up and destroy every ship that endeavors to break the blockade". He reasoned that since the island of Britain depended on imports of food, raw materials, and manufactured goods, scaring off a substantial number of the ships would effectively undercut its long-term ability to maintain an army on the Western Front.
While Germany had only nine long-range U-boats at the start of the war, it had ample shipyard capacity to build the hundreds needed. However, the United States demanded that Germany respect the international agreements upon " freedom of the seas ", which protected neutral American ships on the high seas from seizure or sinking by either belligerent.
Furthermore, Americans insisted that the drowning of innocent civilians was barbaric and grounds for a declaration of war. House commented that, "The British have gone as far as they possibly could in violating neutral rights, though they have done it in the most courteous way".
German submarines torpedoed ships without warning, causing sailors and passengers to drown. Berlin explained that submarines were so vulnerable that they dared not surface near merchant ships that might be carrying guns and which were too small to rescue submarine crews.
Britain armed most of its merchant ships with medium calibre guns that could sink a submarine, making above-water attacks too risky. In Februarythe United States warned Germany about misuse of submarines.
This act of aggression caused the loss of 1, civilian lives, including Americans. The sinking of a large, unarmed passenger ship, combined with the previous stories of atrocities in Belgium, shocked Americans and turned public opinion hostile to Germany, although not yet to the point of war.
Wilson issued a warning to Germany that it would face "strict accountability" if it sank more neutral U. By Januaryhowever, Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff decided that an unrestricted submarine blockade was the only way to achieve a decisive victory.
They demanded that Kaiser Wilhelm order unrestricted submarine warfare be resumed. Finally, they did not foresee that convoys could and would be used to defeat their efforts.
They believed that the United States was so weak militarily that it could not be a factor on the Western Front for more than a year. The civilian government in Berlin objected, but the Kaiser sided with his military.
The capital build-up that had allowed American companies to supply belligerents and the American army resulted in a greater long-run rate of production even after the war had ended in After the war, inJ.
Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan strictly opposed financial support of warring nations and wanted to ban loans to the belligerents in August Bethlehem Steel took particular advantage of the increased demand for armaments abroad. Prior to American entrance into the War, these companies benefitted from unrestricted commerce with sovereign customers abroad.
After President Wilson issued his declaration of war, the companies were subjected to price controls created by the U. Trade Commission in order to insure that the U. Bethlehem Steel became the primary arms supplier for the United States and other allied powers again in The first of these were the Non-Interventionistsa loosely affiliated and politically diverse anti-war movement which sought to keep the United States out of the war altogether.Tanks are one of the most significant weapons to emerge from World War I.
Investigate and discuss the development, early use and effectiveness of tanks in the war. The Hague Convention outlined the ‘rules of war’ that were in place during World War I.
Referring to specific examples, discuss where and how these ‘rules of war’ were breached. Oct 29, · Watch video · World War I began in , after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central.
World War 1 DBQ Prior to the start of World War 1, several countries in Europe were fixated on being the dominant country in Europe, seeking to hold the top position on the social hierarchy among the European nations.
After the Age of Imperialism, many Europeans took . World War One Essay Examples. total results. The World War One in Germany as Seen in the Novel All Quiet on the Western Front. 4, words. 11 pages. Account of the Leadership of President Wilson and the United States Involvement in World War I.
words. 2 pages. The Main Cause of WW1 Essay. Militarism was one of the causes of the causes of the World War 1. Militarism is a belief that a strong military/defense is important for a country to be successful.
One example is that Robert E. Lee, an American career military officer, one said, “ I and the army were born for one another”. World War I is considered by some, the first man-made catastrophe of the twentieth century.
Many scholars still debate the underlying causes of World War I.
There are many things that contributed to the war. The causes and effects of the war changed the lives of many people. Many of the effects of the war are still evident in today.