My Jewish immigrant ancestors of years ago were seen as white by the immigration and naturalization service in the U. But my Pennsylvania Dutch and English ancestors, who were already here, probably saw my Russian Jewish ancestors as Jews, not white. As did my Jewish grandparents themselves, who lived and struggled in Jewish ghettos, not in "white" neighborhoods. I am using this simple example to show that how and when we place someone in the category "white" and the consequences of being in that category --or being excluded from it--is a complex historical story, one I refer to as the history of the social construction of whiteness.
The artist has purposefully used patterned textiles in the place of skin color. Instead of pressing the group on their assumptions about that these figures, the educator pivots to a conversation about class markers, asking the students what they say that makes them think the figures are from a lower social class.
In a different museum, a white museum educator is facilitating a conversation, again with a predominantly white, suburban high school group, about a photograph of a staged vignette with all Black male models. The students engage in a nuanced conversation about the relationship between some negative stereotypes the artist used to convey Blackness tattoos, loose cash and some elements that our biased culture does not associate with Blackness fatherhood, photographs of family.
One question is left unasked: Everything I do is student directed, student centered, student focused.
Individually, each may not necessarily reveal very much, but taken together a picture starts to emerge of the various ways whiteness is enacted in museum education, both on an individual and systemic, institutionalized level, and the ways in which even the most well meaning white museum educators propagate systems of oppression, specifically white supremacy.
In this blog post, I hope to introduce myself, define whiteness, and share some of my initial findings in advance of my dissertation research on how whiteness manifests in the way white people use objects to teach about race and racism.
Of course, it was not the first time a white police officer extrajudicially shot and killed a Black person, but the publicization and nationwide protest around this particular event spurred something in me. I began to read about the prevalence of racism in American society, how embedded it is in nearly every institution we rely on.
I Whiteness of a different color initiating conversations with friends and family members, as well as the different museum publics I work with as an art museum educator, probing their reactions to this event and ones like it; many of these conversations were uncomfortable, as it is difficult for white people to openly admit to benefiting from certain privileges simply because of the color of their skin without feeling defensive, or guilty DiAngelo, While structurally low within the hierarchies of our institutions, we have immense power if you consider how much exposure to our various publics we have, how much we shape the way our visitors, particularly students, experience our spaces.
Part of owning this responsibility and rectifying the impacts of our whiteness is making the important shift from defining racist acts exclusively in terms of the victims and start defining our own characteristics as perpetrators.
|Whiteness Theory and Education||Price Alert America's racial odyssey is the subject of this remarkable work of historical imagination.|
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|Whiteness of a Different Color | Open Library||Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Book Reviews individual essays relate to the theme of their section and to each other often is unclear, leaving it up to the reader to make too many interpretative leaps.|
|whiteness of a different color | eBay||Yale American Studies professor Matthew Frye Jacobson looks at the American construction of whiteness out of its polyglot European immigrant population. Thus, Celtic-descended Irish immigrants were discriminated against.|
It is important to note that long before whiteness became acknowledged within the academy as a viable field of study, writers of color had been writing about and defining whiteness for decades.
And Tony Morrison in her book Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination articulated the impact of whiteness in this way: It is as if I had been looking at a fishbowl — the glide and flick of the golden scales, the green tip, the bolt of white careening back from the gills; the castles at the bottom, surrounded by pebbles and tiny, intricate fronds of green; the barely disturbed water, the flecks of waste and food, the tranquil bubbles traveling to the surface — and suddenly I saw the bowl, the structure that transparently and invisibly permits the ordered life it contains to exist in the larger world p.
Whiteness, in other words, is the bowl that contains the movement, shape, and form of the fish and water within it. While whiteness has been defined in varied ways, it is generally agreed that is a socially constructed racial category, one designed to privilege its members Giroux, ; Karenga, ; Roediger, ; Stokes-Brown, She defines whiteness as: Whiteness in Education These behaviors manifest in every aspect of society, not least of which in education.
There is a large body of research on impacts of whiteness in classroom settings, revealing impacts both in teaching methods, curriculum, and policies. Lowered expectations for POC students, employing a deficit model of thinking Chubbuck, ; Marx, ; McCarthy,and a loyalty to tracking, which has been demonstrated to be a biased form of categorizing students into lower and higher performing levels Chubbuck, The lack of critical thinking conveyed in the last point can be observed especially in curricular elements, for example when US students learn about slavery, more often than not emphasis is placed on the experiences of enslaved people, what their lives might have been like, but rarely any emphasis at all on the actual white perpetrators who enslaved them, who was and remains accountable?
My Observations of Whiteness in Museum Education While well documented in classroom contexts, whiteness is underexplored in museum education, particularly gallery teaching. I began to wonder how museum educators choose— or as the case often is, not choose— to engage with race on their tours and developed two different pilot studies ahead of my dissertation to develop my thoughts, one of which was a comparison study, observing and interviewing two museum educators of color Marieke and Juan and two WME Cara and Kristine leading tours of work by the same artist to compare how educators of color and White educators treated race using similar art works.
This study was just the start in fact one of my major findings is that we need more time to keep thinking these issues through! Specificity of Language euphemisms Use of language figured prominently as a subtle way educators either purposefully operationalized race on their tours, or, as was the case more often with white educators, softened the focus on race per se.The ultraviolet (UV) content of different light sources affects the excitation of fluorescent brighteners to a greater or lesser degree and therefore it is necessary to provide a means of adjustment of the ultraviolet energy.
3. Significance color, whiteness, tinting, brightness. Whiteness of a Different Color is a subtle and sensitive exegesis and deconstruction of the immigrant experience in American culture. This groundbreaking book advances the study of white identity (both as category and as consciousness) significantly.
Whiteness of a Different Color is a subtle and sensitive exegesis and deconstruction of the immigrant experience in American culture. –John White (Times Higher Education Supplement) Jacobson builds a history of how the category of “whiteness” plays in American history His goal is to demystify, and the tone he takes does exactly that.
LibraryThing Review User Review - DarthDeverell - LibraryThing. In Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race, Matthew Frye Jacobson examines how the variegated white races merged in the public consciousness into Caucasians from 4/5(2).
Whiteness of a Different Color traces the fluidity of racial categories from an immense body of research in literature, popular culture, politics, society, ethnology, anthropology, cartoons, and legal history, including sensational trials like the Leo Frank case and the Draft Riots of Price: $ Whiteness of a Different Color, " Jacobson tracks race as a conception and perception, emphasizing the importance of knowing not only how we label one another but also how we see one another, and how that racialized vision has largely been transformed in this century" (leslutinsduphoenix.com).