While the introduction starts generally and narrows down to the specific hypothesis, the discussion starts with the interpretation of the results, then moves outwards to contextualize these findings in the general field. The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom. Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion Written for undergraduate students and new graduate students in psychology experimentalthis handout provides information on writing in psychology and on experimental report and experimental article writing.
Because your study methods form a large part of your credibility as a researcher and writer, it is imperative that you be clear about what you did to gather information from participants in your study. With your methods section, as with the sections above, you want to walk your readers through your study almost as if they were a participant.
The method section includes the following sub-sections. Discuss who was enrolled in your experiment. Include major demographics that have an impact on the results of the experiment i. The accepted term for describing a person who participates in research studies is a participant not a subject.
The apparatus is any equipment used during data collection such as computers or eye-tracking devices. Materials include scripts, surveys, or software used for data collection not data analysis.
It is sometimes necessary to provide specific examples of materials or prompts, depending on the nature of your study. The procedure includes the step-by-step how of your experiment. The procedure should include: A description of the experimental design and how participants were assigned conditions.
Identification of your independent variable s IVdependent variable s DVand control variables.
Give your variables clear, meaningful names so that your readers are not confused. Important instructions to participants. A step-by-step listing in chronological order of what participants did during the experiment. Results section The results section is where you present the results of your research-both narrated for the readers in plain English and accompanied by statistics.
Depending on the requirements or the projected length of your paper, sometimes the results are combined with the discussion section. Continue with your story in the results section. How do your results fit with the overall story you are telling? What results are the most compelling? You want to begin your discussion by reminding your readers once again what your hypotheses were and what your overall story is.
Then provide each result as it relates to that story. The most important results should go first. Sometimes it is necessary to provide a preliminary discussion in your results section about your participant groups.
In order to convince your readers that your results are meaningful, you must first demonstrate that the conditions of the study were met. For example, if you randomly assigned subjects into groups, are these two groups comparable? Provide information on your data analysis: Be sure to describe the analysis you did.
If you are using a non-conventional analysis, you also need to provide justification for why you are doing so. Bem recommends the following pattern for presenting findings: Please see our Writing with Statistics handout for more information on how to write with statistics.
Discussion section Your discussion section is where you talk about what your results mean and where you wrap up the overall story you are telling. This is where you interpret your findings, evaluate your hypotheses or research questions, discuss unexpected results, and tie your findings to the previous literature discussed first in your literature review.The next section of your lab report will be the method section.
In this portion of your report, you will describe the procedures you used in your research. In this portion of your report, you will describe the procedures you used in your research. Essay Writing Guide for Psychology Students.
Saul McLeod, published After reading, plan a response to the task. This plan could be in the form of a mind map, a summary table, or by writing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a few sentences).
(read the discussion section of journal articles Author: Saul Mcleod. Writing the Discussion. The discussion section is a framing section, like the Introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction.
The Difficulties of Writing a Discussion Section.
In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics. That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that.
In general, I would suggest writing the words of the results section first, and then going back to insert the numbers and statistical information. Discussion section In your discussion section, relate the results back to your initial hypotheses.
Writing a discussion section psychology articles This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (leslutinsduphoenix.com). When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.